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Post Info TOPIC: Mastering GoLang: Expert-Level Assignments and Solutions


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Mastering GoLang: Expert-Level Assignments and Solutions
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Welcome, fellow GoLang enthusiasts! As a dedicated golang assignment helper, our mission at ProgrammingHomeworkHelp.com is to empower students with the skills and knowledge needed to excel in their GoLang assignments. Today, we're diving deep into the realm of GoLang with master-level questions and their expert solutions. Whether you're a seasoned programmer or just starting your journey with GoLang, these challenging exercises will sharpen your skills and expand your understanding of this powerful language. Let's delve into the world of GoLang together!
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Question 1: Parsing JSON in GoLang

You are tasked with building a GoLang application that retrieves data from an API in JSON format and parses it into a structured format for further processing. The API endpoint returns the following JSON data:
 
```json
{
  "name": "John Doe",
  "age": 30,
  "email": "john.doe@example.com"
}
```
Write a GoLang function to fetch this JSON data from the API endpoint and parse it into a struct named `Person`, with fields for Name, Age, and Email.

Solution:

```go
package main
 
import (
"encoding/json"
"fmt"
"net/http"
)
 
type Person struct {
Name  string `json:"name"`
Age   int    `json:"age"`
Email string `json:"email"`
}
 
func fetchAndParseJSON(url string) (*Person, error) {
response, err := http.Get(url)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
defer response.Body.Close()
 
var person Person
err = json.NewDecoder(response.Body).Decode(&person)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
 
return &person, nil
}
 
func main() {
url := "https://api.example.com/data"
person, err := fetchAndParseJSON(url)
if err != nil {
fmt.Println("Error:", err)
return
}
 
fmt.Println("Name:", person.Name)
fmt.Println("Age:", person.Age)
fmt.Println("Email:", person.Email)
}
```
Explanation:
In this solution, we define a `Person` struct with fields corresponding to the JSON keys. We then create a function `fetchAndParseJSON` to retrieve data from the API endpoint, decode the JSON response into a `Person` struct, and return it. Finally, in the `main` function, we call `fetchAndParseJSON` with the API endpoint URL and print out the parsed data.

Question 2: Concurrency in GoLang

You are building a web scraper in GoLang to fetch data from multiple URLs concurrently. Each URL represents a web page containing information about a product. Implement a function `fetchData` that takes a slice of URLs as input and fetches data from each URL concurrently using Goroutines. Ensure that the function returns a map where the keys are the URLs and the values are the corresponding data fetched from those URLs.

Solution:

```go
package main
 
import (
"fmt"
"io/ioutil"
"net/http"
"sync"
)
 
func fetchData(urls []string) map[string]string {
var wg sync.WaitGroup
data := make(map[string]string)
mutex := sync.Mutex{}
 
for _, url := range urls {
wg.Add(1)
go func(url string) {
defer wg.Done()
response, err := http.Get(url)
if err != nil {
fmt.Printf("Error fetching data from %s: %v\n", url, err)
return
}
defer response.Body.Close()
 
body, err := ioutil.ReadAll(response.Body)
if err != nil {
fmt.Printf("Error reading response body from %s: %v\n", url, err)
return
}
 
mutex.Lock()
data[url] = string(body)
mutex.Unlock()
}(url)
}
 
wg.Wait()
return data
}
 
func main() {
urls := []string{"https://example.com/page1", "https://example.com/page2", "https://example.com/page3"}
result := fetchData(urls)
for url, data := range result {
fmt.Printf("Data from %s:\n%s\n", url, data)
}
}
```
Explanation:
In this solution, we define a function `fetchData` that takes a slice of URLs as input. We use a `sync.WaitGroup` to wait for all Goroutines to finish execution before returning the result. Inside the loop, each URL is processed concurrently using a Goroutine. We use a `sync.Mutex` to ensure safe access to the `data` map while writing results from Goroutines. Finally, in the `main` function, we call `fetchData` with a slice of URLs and print the fetched data for each URL. 

Conclusion

 

Mastering GoLang requires not only understanding the syntax but also applying its powerful features effectively. With these expert-level assignments and solutions, you're equipped to tackle complex challenges and elevate your GoLang proficiency. Keep coding, keep learning, and remember, we're here to help you every step of the way. Happy coding!


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